Borovecki-Jakovljev S, Matacić S. The Oedipus Complex in the Contemporary Psychoanalysis Coll. Antropol.29 (2005)
This is an article gives different standpoints from psychological theories, try to find the answer of a place Oedipus Complex in contemporary psychoanalysis.
Oedipus was a character in Greek mythological. Oedipus unwittingly killed his father, Laius, and marries his mother, Jocasta. Austrian psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud firstly write the term ‘Oedipus complex’ in his book The Interpretation of Dreams. He thinks the children during their whole stages of grow up, which is start from infant until their puberty age. They have different kind of repression about the sexual relationship to their opposite sex parent, by unconscious behavior.
Freud is the founder of psychoanalysis theory. He thinks the infant boy has an instinctive love to his mother, because he can get food and protection from mother. But after 5-6 years old, oral and anal instinct is subsumed under genital domination. He begins to have a complex emotion toward to his father. He thinks his father will seize mother’s love from him. The boy get all the love from mother, but he is afraid of his father will punish him. Girls are in opposite, they have similar jealous toward their mother. Under the pressure between instinctive and rational, struggling to find a balance.
Jung accept and learn from Freud, they work together and to push psychoanalysis forward. But Jung not completely agree with Freud’s viewpoint, anyway Jung still has a big contribution to psychoanalysis. Jung use Anima and Animus these two characters in his theory. As a fetus, we don’s have distinguish about sex. But after we born, we immediately arranged a sexual ID. The society made us boy or girl. But inside of baby, the instinct still left. Anima is the manliness inside of women. The other hand, Animus is feminizing inside a man.
Melanie Klein thinks Oedipus Complex is early than Freud’s theory. The love toward opposite sex is start from several months after born. Around 3, 4 years old in the Phallic Stage is the strongest period. But this is a positive emotion that children try to build a positive attitude toward their parent avoid negative one.
In Mahler’s theory, child development takes place in different phases: Normal autistic phase, Normal symbiotic phase, Separation–individuation phase.
Kohut thinking the infant’s personality is from outside not from inside. When the parent’s bring up their baby as the way they want the baby to become, that is the motivation drive to built their personal which Kohut called Development of self psychology.
Some psychologist like Friedman has a different view about the beginning age of Oedipus complex. He thinks there is almost no child can solve oedipal conflict completely till the age of 6 or 7.
Authors also use some example from psychologist to explain their option. Like the example from Groen-Prakken: Shame is a result of feeling worthless in Oedipus psychical world, than to quilt. Children’s behavior like took out their eyes, has a symbolically meaning. “This is not a symbolic castration; neither it is a symbolic self-punishment for murdering his father. It is a symbolic rape which reflects the sadistic sexual impulses and hatred towards the women in Oedipus.”
By talking about different kind of Oedipus Complex which are supplement by other psychoanalyst. Author want to figure out what is the meaning and its position of Oedipus Complex in contemporary psychoanalysis.
This article is titled as The Oedipus Complex in the Contemporary Psychoanalysis. By the word Oedipus Complex it is obvious to know this article is talking about Freud’s Psychoanalysis theory, which is an classic theory in modern psychology. “”.
Another key word in title is Contemporary Psychoanalysis. As we know the Psychoanalysis has an important also make a big dispute, because of its revolutionary and creative theory. Not every people agree with Freud’s opinion. Especially in contemporary psychology, it becomes more and more marginalized.
This paper is written by Sanja Borovečki, we can search her name in Google Scholar to find her other Papers and Citations. Another author is called Stanislav Matačić. They both belong to Clinic for Psychological Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia. in 2005 when they writen this article.
This article is publishing in Collegium antropologicum, Vol.29 No.1 June 2005.
It has a clear summary about this article.
A good abstract use to include these parts: Motivation – why do research, Problem Statement – list the question of the subject, Approach – how to find the answer, Results and Conclusions – give the answer. 
In this article:
Problem statement: Where is the place, and what is the meaning of the Oedipus complex in contemporary psychoanalysis?
Approach: review of different theoretical standpoints, according to meaning and place of the Oedipus complex in human development
Results & conclusion: it depends on the resolving of preoedipal conflicts. The conflicts of phallic phases of the psychosexual development are universal to all human being.
This Article, Secondary Research is be used. “.”
The authors based on Freud’s theory, then collect and analyze different psychologist’s standpoint about Oedipus Complex.
Jung is more focus on the conflicts between what the environment want human to be and what human want to be themselves. Many people criticize Freud’s research is mostly focus on boys but ignore girls. Jung was made a supplement in it: the Electra Complex, as a symmetric position in girls.
Authors not just make collection of different theories. In the second half of the paper, author also reference some article from other researchers, like Oedipus as a Narcissistic Patient which is H. Groen Prakkens’ article from 1998. It talked about Oedipus as a Narcissistic Patient. “”
At the end of the this paper, author try to make a conclusion and answer the questions she asked in the beginning of the paper — what is the place and meaning of Oedipus complex in contemporary psychoanalysis? Author’s think in 100 years, the psychoanalysis has gone further and deeper than Freud did. In recent years psychoanalytic interest has changed from phallic, genital, drive, oedipal to pregenital and preoedipa. The center of the figure of psychological development of children changed from father to mother. “”
For this title The Oedipus Complex in the Contemporary Psychoanalysis I think the Secondary Research is a good way to introduce the progress of Psychoanalysis’s changing in its history. Every stage the new coming psychologist make new supplement to Oedipus Complex,
1. Freud as founder of this theory, it’s like build the structure of Oedipus Complex.
2. Jung make the First Splitting with Freud, he not just focus on the negative aspect, Jung try to use psychoanalysis to answer human being’s development questions.
3. Melanie Klein and her Early Oedipus. Use her evidence to prove Oedipus Complex could happened earlier than we use to think.
4. Georges Devereux and the Laius Complex. Devereux questioned the Oedipal positions as something inborn, almost biologically determined, and opens the field of transgene rational transmission of trauma and the resulting psychopathology.
5. The Female Oedipus – Electra and Persephone. H. C. Halberstadt Freud and N. Kulish and D. Holzman, who substitute the Oedipus myth with myths about Persephone and Electra. Freud based his theory on his experiences with the neurotics. According to Halberstadt Freud’s opinion, girl is during her whole life connected with the first object of love, mother, although these connections are often ambivalent.
All those theories they originated from same one but they express different standpoint. The authors have no plan to create a new theory or myth, but analyze the exist theories and figure out what are their position in Contemporary Psychoanalysis. That’s why choose the Secondary Research.
In conclusion, the author think the conflicts in phallic phases in human being’s development, no matter how we call them Electra, Persephone or Oedipus. It’s not important, they all based on basic one. We have to analysis of all the premedical conflicts in contemporary psychoanalytic therapies to solve the Oedipus conflict.
Well, it’s quite useful for me to read this paper. Because I am very interesting in psychoanalyze area. This paper is not just talking about the classic theory like Freud or Jung’s. It also writes many other researches from famous psychologist who I never read them before.
Like in contemporary psychoanalytic, central of figure in children’ development has been changed from father to mother. And compare with the classic research, the phase has changed from phallic, genital to pregenital, preoedipal.
But this article also has its limitation. As we know the psychoanalytic is not the mainstream in current psychology’s research any more. Because its famous assumptions like Oedipus or Electra complex are different to be reified clinically.
Also the contemporary anatomy science is not support Freud’s theory. “” 
I agree with Sofe Ahmed’s opinion , he try to proof that Sigmund’s theory has no anatomy’s support.
I also agree with many people thinks Freud is always think early age’s experience is too power but he ignore the grow up’s experience for life. ”E”
But I also think what Sigmund writes in his famous book <The Interpretation of Dreams> is also brilliant. We just cannot verify it by modern scientific way at the moment. In the other hand, we cannot falsify Sigmund’s theory by psychology’s way.
In this article, author is analyzing psychologist’s theory and using the psychology way to research. So we need to use psychology way to thinking.
I learned a lot of history of psychoanalytic. This article clearly shows the variety explain and supplement of Oedipus Complex, although they use different name, like Early Oedipus, Persephone or Electra. Some psychologist’s reference in this paper like Groen Prakkens(1998) and Friedman(1986) is not far from nowadays’ research.
 Wikipedia, Oedipus Complex
 Philip Koopman, How to Write an Abstract, 1997
 Wikipedia, Secondary research
 Sofe Ahmed, Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory Oedipus complex: A critical study with reference to D. H. Lawrence’s “Sons and Lovers”, 2012
 David M. Allen M.D. Where Psychoanalysts Went Wrong (2013)